Category Archives: Uncategorized

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All About Malware

Category:Uncategorized

Malware Attacks Are Evolving.  

All about malware

You know how every year the medical community campaigns for everyone to get a flu shot? That’s because flu outbreaks typically have a season—a time of year when they start spreading and infecting people.

In contrast, there are no predictable seasonal infections for PCs, smartphones, tablets, and enterprise networks. For them, it’s always flu season. But instead of suffering chills and body aches, users can fall ill from a kind of machine malady—malware.

Malware infections come at us like a torrent of water from a fire hose, each with its own methods of attack—from stealthy and sneaky to subtle like a sledgehammer. But if knowledge is power, as a preventative inoculation against infection, we offer here a short course on malware, what it is, its symptoms, how you get it, how to deal with it, and how to avoid it in the future.

What is malware?

Malware (a portmanteau for malicious software) is any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server, client, or computer network (by contrast, software that causes unintentional harm due to some deficiency is typically described as a software bug).

Malware, or “malicious software,” is an umbrella term that describes any malicious program or code that is harmful to systems.

Hostile, intrusive, and intentionally nasty, malware seeks to invade, damage, or disable computers, computer systems, networks, tablets, and mobile devices, often by taking partial control over a device’s operations. Like the human flu, it interferes with normal functioning.

Malware is all about making money off you illicitly. Although malware cannot damage the physical hardware of systems or network equipment (with one known exception—see the Google Android section below), it can steal, encrypt, or delete your data, alter or hijack core computer functions, and spy on your computer activity without your knowledge or permission.

How can I tell if I have a malware infection?

Malware can reveal itself with many different aberrant behaviors.  Here are a few telltale signs that you have malware on your system:

Your computer slows down. One of malware’s main effects is to reduce the speed of your operating system, whether you’re navigating the Internet or just using your local applications.

A tidal wave of annoying ads that shouldn’t be there washes over your screen. Unexpected pop-up ads are a typical sign of a malware infection.

They’re especially associated with a form of malware known as adware. What’s more, pop-ups usually come packaged with other hidden malware threats. So if you see something akin to “CONGRATULATIONS, YOU’VE WON A FREE PSYCHIC READING!” in a pop-up, don’t click on it. Whatever free prize the ad promises, it will cost you plenty.
Your system repeatedly crashes, freezes, or displays a BSOD (Blue Screen of Death), which can occur on Windows systems after encountering a fatal error.

You notice a mysterious loss of disk space, probably due to a bloated malware squatter which hides in your hard drive.
There’s a weird increase in your system’s Internet activity.
Usage of your system resources is abnormally high and your computer’s fan starts whirling away at full speed—signs of malware activity taking up system resources in the background.

Your browser’s homepage changes without your permission. Similarly, links you click send you to an unwanted web destination. This usually means you clicked on that “congratulations” pop-up, which downloaded some unwanted software. Likewise, your browser might slow to a crawl.

New toolbars, extensions, or plugins unexpectedly populate your browser.

Your antivirus product stops working and you cannot update it, leaving you unprotected against the sneaky malware that disabled it.

Then there’s the painfully obvious, intentionally non-stealthy malware attack. This famously happens with ransomware, which announces itself, tells you it has your data, and demands a ransom to return your files.

Even if everything seems to be working just fine on your system, don’t get complacent, because no news isn’t necessarily good news.

Powerful malware can hide deep in your computer, going about its dirty business without raising any red flags as it snags your passwords, steals sensitive files, or uses your PC to spread to other computers.

See Malwarebytes Products


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What is a flipbook?

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Digital Flipbooks are currently used to replace conventional digital PDFs and paper-based documents such as reports, presentations, magazines, catalogs, brochures, books and more. A digital flipbook looks and feels exactly like a printed publication with pages that can be flipped and turned – without the cost of printing.

Upoad the PDF Flipbooks app on your website and your users can view your flipbooks on any device without downloading extra plugins thanks to the new HTML5 technology.

Design your own Flipbooks for pennies Have your flipbooks ready in just a few minutes.
No need for coding or other extra work.
All you have to do is to upload the PDF Flipbook app files on your website and input the location of your .pdf files. The process takes only a few minutes.

 


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FTP

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What is FTP?

FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. In a nutshell, FTP is used to transfer computer files. … FTP essentially transfers these web page files to the computer server so others can access them. FTP can also be used to download files or programs from the Internet to your computer.

A good program for FTP is FileZilla Pro

FileZilla Pro is a fast and reliable cross-platform FTP, FTPS and SFTP client with an intuitive graphical user interface. FileZilla Pro works also with Amazon S3, Backblaze B2, Dropbox, Google Cloud, Google Drive, Microsoft Azure, Microsoft OneDrive, Microsoft OneDrive for Business, Microsoft SharePoint, OpenStack Swift and WebDAV.

FileZilla Pro transfers files seamlessly between your machine and remote servers, using either FTP/S, SFTP, Amazon S3, Backblaze B2, Dropbox, Google Cloud, Google Drive, Microsoft Azure, Microsoft OneDrive, Microsoft OneDrive for Business, Microsoft SharePoint, OpenStack Swift and WebDAV.

FileZilla Pro manages all of your transfers no matter how many files are in your source directory, it is heavily optimized for speed and you can also adjust the pace of your transfers at will. FileZilla Pro allows you to focus on getting your job done.

FileZilla Pro is the result of over 15 years spent to design the most efficient FTP client in the world. By listening to end users’ feedback we have been able to improve and extend the platform continuously, making sure it works smoothly and efficiently on all operative systems. FileZilla Pro comes with no bells and whistles, we understand all you need it’s a robust and viable platform that moves single files or thousands of them from your machine to a remote server.

Use FileZilla Pro to exchange your buckets on Amazon S3. Browse your buckets like your local files. Transfer files of any size with FileZilla Pro. The automated multi-part upload lets you resume and finish your uploads if you experience connectivity issues. Manage the Access Control Lists (ACLs) for your files, their HTTP header metadata and their object tags.


System Requirements:
The 64bit versions of Windows 7, 8, 8.1 and 10 are supported.


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Web Hosting Red Flags

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I am Ready to Choose, Any Red Flags to Look Out For? By now you should have a good idea of what you want and/or need in a web host.

Here is a list of some red flags that you should watch out for…

  • Free hosting – mentioned it before but this is not the type of hosting you want to build your future empire on.
  • Beware of “promotional reviews”. The FTC is trying to put a stop to this, but many web hosting reviews are still nothing more than promotional pieces by affiliates Unlimited is NEVER unlimited.
  • Lack of Support – live support is not required, but you do want some sort of fast response support. Are they a company? This might sound like a joke, but make sure the web host you are dealing with is a registered company in it’s juristrisction New companies – oh your host has only been in business a week?  I’d avoid them.
  • No Privacy Policy – You definitely want a host with a privacy policy. At the very least you want to know exactly what they do and don’t do with your provided information.

Legal      Privacy Policy


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What are the Differences Between Types of Hosting?

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What are the Differences Between Types of Hosting?

One of the things I had a really hard time dealing with was figuring out what the differences are between the types of web hosting out there.

I started searching for web hosts and all of a sudden I realized I needed to do some homework, because there are a number of different kinds and I had no idea what each one was.

Luckily for you, I will guide you through this morass of information. In general, when you are looking for web hosting you are going to come across these different types:

Free:  Free web hosting can be found throughout the web. It is clearly the cheapest option, but it is also the one you should most likely avoid. If all you want is a simple daily blog, then join up with WordPress.com or Blogger.com. They are both free and provide the hosting for your blog/journal. This is just about the only scenario I would recommend free web hosting. There are other free web hosts out there, that actually let you upload a typical website but the problem with these is they are rarely reliable, usually ad filled and at the end of the day you don’t have complete ownership of your website. Avoid them.

Shared:  Shared Hosting is usually the cheapest hosting option available. I don’t want to get too technical, but web hosting companies store your website info on servers. A shared account means you share a single server with a number of other websites. This type of hosting requires that the hosting company provides the system administration.  This is valuable for people who are new to the net, or who lack tech savvy because all of the scary tech issues (managing servers, installing software, security updates, backups, etc…) are controlled by the hosting company.

Usually this type of hosting provides you with a user panel to control it. The most popular seems to be cPanel. With it you can control just about every aspect of your hosting. See our companion guide, for a 68 page cPanel tutorial. The downside to this hosting is that it isn’t as secure since you share a server with so many other users. It usually doesn’t perform as well either (speed wise). Shared hosting can also be tough to scale, meaning a traffic spike could kill your websites. A final note – shared hosting is a great intro to web hosting. It lacks the flexibility of the other options, but for basic use it will be fine. If you do need more flexibility or power you can upgrade at a later date.

VPS:   VPS stands for Virtual Private Server. The key word there – virtual. This type of hosting let’s you have the functionality of a dedicated server, but in reality, VPS is actually a kind of shared hosting. Your “virtual server” will be included, along with others, on one physical machine.

While you share a physical machine, you have much more control than with shared hosting. For example – each virtual server on one machine can run it’s own set of software and reboot separately. Besides the flexibility, another big benefit with VPS hosting is that it is easy to scale up your resources. If all of a sudden your website is the next viral sensation, you will be able to quickly get more resources to meet your traffic demands.

Also while not ideal, it is much more secure than a shared hosting platform. While you still share a physical server with other people, your virtual servers are so well partitioned they are their own isolated environment. One downside to VPS hosting is that you could need some technical know-how in order to properly run it. With shared everything is set up, your software is installed and cPanel (or an equivalent) is ready to go.

Some VPS web hosting packages will expect you to handle those type of things yourself. To offset this, some hosts will have an option to choose a managed account for a premium price.

Dedicated Servers:  This is the cream of the crop of web hosting plans. That is why it costs the most (more on that later). Dedicated hosting means that you get an entire server to yourself. Wherever your hosting company is located there will be a computer dedicated to you and only you.

There are many advantages to this type of hosting. First of all it is the most secure. While no server is 100% secure from every nefarious attack out there, a dedicated one is the best choice if security is a top need for your website. Since the server is dedicated to one user it is also easier to pinpoint where potential problems are coming from.

Dedicated servers are faster as well. You don’t have to share bandwidth with people after all. They usually offer more resources as well. Even the most basic of dedicated servers will allow you to build multiple fast loading, busy websites. Like VPS hosting, it is also easily expanded to meet traffic needs.

On top of all that, you get the most flexibility as well. You can run anything you want on your own server. The downside being you will need the technical knowledge to mange the server yourself.

Once again though, you can always opt for a managed option when choosing a dedicated server. *Cloud Cloud hosting is a newer development on the web and it is currently a MUCH discussed topic.

If you follow tech news, you have certainly heard the term cloud hosting before – most likely linked with Google and Apple’s cloud storage for music. Cloud computing may seem like a VPS, but it differs quite a bit. Basically, instead of servers being dedicated to one(dedicated) or more(shared & VPS) users, all of the computers work together to create a giant network (or cloud) of computing power.

This makes cloud web hosting the most easily expandable/scalable version of hosting on the market. A traffic spike that could take down a shared, virtual or even dedicated server, can be absorbed into the “cloud” of servers since all of the servers work together. If your traffic maxes out power of one server, it is ok because it is connected to more.

In these cases you may have to pay for the added bandwidth use, but the piece of mind is worth the cost. Basically, you pay for only the resources you use with cloud hosting so usually it is a cheaper option than dedicated.

Reliability on cloud hosting is great as well, because if one server goes down it doesn’t mean that your site goes down, it just begins to draw resources from another computer in the cloud. The prognosis isn’t all rosy though.

Cloud hosting does have a couple of areas of concern. First off – where is your info? There is no way to really control the physical location of your data. It is part of the “cloud”.

This might just be a mental hold up for me, and nothing to be concerned with but it is worth mentioning in my opinion. Security is another questionable area. While cloud companies stress they are as secure as a dedicated server, you have to wonder. On a dedicated server you are on your own server.

At the end of the day, multiple people are sharing physical hardware with cloud hosting. By now you should already see the value in the list you created earlier. You can go through your list of needs and wants, and match them up with the above info to get an idea of which types of hosting you would consider. Of course before you decide, you better think budget…


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